1. Why are the 1830s and 1840s considered the period when modern police forces were created in the United States? What made these police forces “modern”? What events gave rise to creation of these police forces? What did it take to become a police officer in the nineteenth century? What were the greatest problems affecting police organizations in the nineteenth century?
2. Explain how the police are part of our system of “social control” and what is meant by that term?