Part 1. Please answer the following questions in your own words.
- Explain each of the basic steps of the scientific process.
- Describe the difference between a hypothesis and a theory?
- Define empirical data. Provide and describe an example of something about Earth that we know because of empirical data.
- You have observed that the sun rises in a different location at certain times of the year, and then back again. Describe a method of data collection that would help you define the range over the year for the sunrise on the horizon at your location.
- Using empirical data, argue with a climate denial argument that, “it hasn’t warmed since 1998.” (http://www.skepticalscience.com/global-warming-stopped-in-1998-intermediate.htm )
- Identify and describe one type of data collection that has an end, and one type of data collection that will always be ongoing.
Part 2. There has been very much in the news in recent years about increasing CO2 levels, and climate change. Using the Keeling Curve website (https://scripps.ucsd.edu/programs/keelingcurve/), address the following.
- Explain briefly the history of the Keeling Curve.
- Explain how this is empirical data.
- Starting with the current week, and working back to 800,000 years ago, explain the trends seen in the data.
- How is the Keeling Curve an example of the scientific method?
Part 3. In your own field of study, identify and describe one way in which empirical data is collected and used.
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